Laparoscopic Endoscopic Surgical Science [J Psy Nurs]
J Psy Nurs. 2023; 14(1): 24-32 | DOI: 10.14744/phd.2022.17048

An analysis of COVID-19 disease perceptions and metaphors of nurses working in COVID-19 intensive care units

Afra Çalık1, Betül Çakmak2, Sevgisun Kapucu1
1Department of Internal Medicine Nursing, Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing, Ankara, Türkiye
2Department of Internal Medicine Nursing, Yıldırım Beyazıt University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is seen not only as a disease, but it is also defined by a series of metaphors: mysterious, evil, an invisible enemy, an insidious danger, and a democratic virus. This study was conducted to analyze the nurses’ perceptions of COVID-19 through metaphors.
METHODS: This qualitative research was planned as a descriptive phenomenological approach. Twenty-eight nurses working in the COVID-19 intensive care unit (ICU) participated in the study. The metaphor-based data collection process was carried out with five open-ended questions. The data were analyzed through a thematic analysis. The Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research Checklist was used to analyze this study.
RESULTS: Most military and fatigue related to the time nurses work in intensive care; Hero and nightmare of patient care with COVID-19; distance and restlessness in family relationships; their mental health darkroom and fatigue; COVID-19 as an insidious enemy and infinity. A total of 128 metaphors were produced.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Working during the COVID-19 epidemic, COVID-19 ICU nurses exhibit unfavorable approaches toward their jobs, family relationships, and mental health. Improving the working conditions of ICU nurses and considering their desires will help contribute to a favorable direction.

Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, family relations, intensive care unit, mental health, metaphor, nurses, nursing care.

Afra Çalık, Betül Çakmak, Sevgisun Kapucu. An analysis of COVID-19 disease perceptions and metaphors of nurses working in COVID-19 intensive care units. J Psy Nurs. 2023; 14(1): 24-32

Sorumlu Yazar: Afra Çalık, Türkiye
Makale Dili: İngilizce
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