INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic assessment of the available data about the benefits of physical activity and the appropriate forms of exercise for older adults mental health.
METHODS: LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, CINAHL, Scopus, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and ScienceDirect were all searched. Based on PRISMA, the reviewing guideline was selected. The Quality Assessment Tool (QAT) for Quantitative Studies was used to evaluate the methodological quality of each included study. We only included studies with moderate to strong quality.
RESULTS: Fourteen studies were eligible for inclusion (six randomized controlled trials and eight pretest-posttest studies). A variety of exercises, including aquatic, aerobic, yoga, and muscle-strengthening ones, have been shown to improve elderly peoples physical and mental health. According to QAT, five studies with Cohens Kappa values of at least 0.80 and 11 high-quality studies with p<0.05 had a significant impact on the mental health of the elderly.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This comprehensive study demonstrated how an exercise program benefits elderly people who are both usually healthy and have suffered a variety of symptoms.