Moral intelligence and its relationship with resilience among nursing students in Iran [J Psy Nurs]
J Psy Nurs. Ahead of Print: PHD-49368 | DOI: 10.14744/phd.2021.49368

Moral intelligence and its relationship with resilience among nursing students in Iran

Hossein Namdar Areshtanab1, Rana Rezvani1, Hossein Ebrahimi1, Mohammad Arshadi Bostanabad2, Mina Hosseinzadeh3
1Department of mental health and psychiatric nursing, nursing and midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of pediatric nursing, nursing and midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of community health nursing, nursing and midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

INTRODUCTION: In nursing profession moral intelligence and resilience are components that are essential for ethical decision making and coping with stress. The aim of the present study was to examine moral intelligence and its relationship with resilience in educational hospital nurses and nursing students.

METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was carried out using the census method with the participation of 280 nursing students at the Tabriz University of Medical Science, in 2017. The data collection instruments included a demographic questionnaire, Lennick and Kiel’s moral intelligence questionnaire, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics such as the mean, standard deviation, and frequency and inferential statistics such as t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and ANOVA and Multiple regression analysis model.
RESULTS: The mean of moral intelligence in nursing students was 78.54±8.57 and there was a significant relationship between total score of moral intelligence and resilience and their dimensions (P>0.001). Findings of multiple linear regression analysis showed that, considering the confounding variables (age and grade point average), the relationship between resilience and moral intelligence was significant and these variables can predict 43% of variance of resilience nursing students.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Considering the importance of resilience in nursing stressful working environment and the effects that high moral intelligence can have on resilience, it is suggested that nursing managers pay more attention to this component in presenting their training programs and hold training courses on the component of moral intelligence, especially for nursing students and new nurses.

Keywords: Moral intelligence, Resilience, Nursing Students, Iran



Corresponding Author: Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Iran
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